By Lewis L. Gould
Alexander Terrell's occupation positioned him on the middle of a few of the main pivotal occasions in 19th- and early twentieth-century historical past, starting from the Civil warfare to Emperor Maximilian's reign over Mexico and an Armenian genocide lower than the Ottoman Empire. Alexander Watkins Terrell ultimately presents the 1st entire biographical portrait of this advanced determine. Born in Virginia in 1827, Terrell moved to Texas in 1852, emerging to the rank of accomplice brigadier basic whilst the Civil struggle erupted. Afterwards, he in brief served in Maximilian's military prior to returning to Texas, the place he was once elected to 4 phrases within the country Senate and 3 phrases in the home. President Grover Cleveland appointed him minister to the Ottoman Empire, dispatching him to Turkey and the center East for 4 years whereas the problems surrounding the life of Christians in a Muslim empire stoked violent confrontations there. His different accomplishments incorporated writing laws that created the Texas Railroad fee and what grew to become the everlasting college Fund (the cornerstone of the college of Texas's multibillion-dollar endowment). during this balanced exploration of Terrell's lifestyles, Gould additionally examines Terrell's perspectives on race, the impression of the costs of cowardice within the Civil warfare that dogged him, and his religious looking out past the verified religions of his time. In his wealthy and sundry existence, Alexander Watkins Terrell skilled facets of nineteenth-century Texas and American historical past whose results have persisted all the way down to the current day.
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Additional info for Alexander Watkins Terrell: Civil War Soldier, Texas Lawmaker, American Diplomat
Terrell faced another obstacle. He would not be thirty years old until November and would thus not technically be eligible under the Constitution. Nonetheless, persuaded by Jones and others and anxious for elective ofﬁce, he decided to enter the contest. ”18 Terrell’s reply, published in the local press, came a week later. ” The last phrase proved to be a controversial aspect of Terrell’s candidacy. The race between Terrell and Green occurred in the context of the battles between Democrats and Know-Nothings two years earlier.
24 The early signs in the election favored Terrell, and he won the contest with 1,643 votes to 1,284 for Green. Green carried Travis County by about 100 votes, and Terrell ran strongly across the rest of the district. Houston lost the gubernatorial race to Runnels, and the Know-Nothings suffered what proved to be a fatal reverse to their party in the state. 25 To combat Sam Houston during the campaign, the Democratic Executive Committee had issued a circular urging the defeat of all traitors to the party.
Yet if the South lost, they faced a terrible fate. , then a major with the Confederate forces on the Red River. In his private reply to Burleson, Terrell ﬁlled in his friend on the political situation and the upcoming election between Governor Edward Clark, who had succeeded Sam Houston, and Clark’s major rival, Francis R. Lubbock. Terrell called Clark “a drunken governor” and predicted correctly that Lubbock would win the race. ”52 For Terrell, getting into the war proved a protracted process.
Alexander Watkins Terrell: Civil War Soldier, Texas Lawmaker, American Diplomat by Lewis L. Gould