By April McMahon
This can be a brief, vigorous, and available advent to the sounds of recent English. Its emphasis on version, with examples from British, American, New Zealand, and Singaporean English, make it appropriate for either local and non-native audio system. McMahon specializes in the vowels and consonants, but additionally discusses syllables, rigidity, and the phonology of phrases and words. She introduces new instruments and terminology progressively, and discusses the incentive for key concepts.
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Additional info for An Introduction to English Phonology
Similarly, in Hungarian /k/ and /c/ are consistently distinguished as
If we ﬁnd counterexamples, where either aspirated forms appear in other contexts, or word-initial allophones of /p/, /t/ or /k/ are not aspirated, we have to modify our generalisation to include them. After a while, when we keep ﬁnding data that agree with our observation and not ﬁnding data that disagree, we can feel more conﬁdent that our generalisation is the right one, and regard our hypothesis as conﬁrmed. 3 Making statements more precise The next question is how we should express these generalisations.
First, we can distinguish consonants from vowels using the feature [±syllabic]; sounds which are [+syllabic] form the core, or nucleus, of a syllable, while [– syllabic] sounds form syllabic margins. Vowels are therefore [+syllabic], and all consonants [– syllabic], though some consonants (like English /m n l r/) may have [+syllabic] allophones in certain contexts. Second, the feature [±consonantal] distinguishes [+consonantal] oral stops, fricatives, nasals and ‘liquids’ (the cover term for /r/ and /l/ sounds), from [– consonantal] glides (like English /j/, /w/) and vowels.
An Introduction to English Phonology by April McMahon